Those who aim to go in marine services
seldom get confused between Navy and Merchant Navy. And even some candidates
consider both the jobs the same but it is not. There are a large number of differences
between both the jobs.
If you are choosing your career in maritime
then you must clear your doubt or confusion between these services. Both the
jobs give high honour, prestige with handsome salary. There might be some
merits and demerits of both the services but at last, it depends on one's
choice and interest.
A merchant navy stands for transporting
goods and people from one place to another while the Navy stands for protecting
its ocean border from invaders. If someone wants to give his services in the
ocean then he can give through the Navy and merchant navy.
So, let's see some differences between both
1. The basic difference between Navy and
If I talk about the Navy, then it belongs
to maritime military arms of any Nation'. This is the force that controls the
borders of their respective Nations in the ocean via Naval ships. Almost every
nation has its own rules & regulations for its naval forces.
So, if someone chooses the Navy as his
career then he would get a chance to protect his Nation's boundaries of the
ocean and will have to face enemies at the time of war. It is never an easy job
because it involves a high risk to life and needs to face enemies. But This job
will get him respect, honour, pride and confidence for serving his nation.
While if I talk about the Merchant Navy, it
may simply be defined as commercial ocean/marine services. In this service
shipping of people to their respective destination and shipping of goods like
Cars, raw material, oil, iron, container, mobiles and cargo is included.
Merchant navy is spread throughout the
country & world so, it cannot be native to any particular nation. According
to one report, 90-95% of goods are transported by merchant navy.
It has to follow some sort of rules &
regulations set by Govt. to keep things stable. It is also known as a
commercial form of sea career as it shifts people & other goods from one
place to another via sealine.
2. Criteria for eligibility
For enrolling in the navy & merchant
navy one must know about the eligibility criteria. Those who are interested in
the merchant navy should have a subject like Physics, Maths, Chemistry in high school. And those who are willing to apply for a higher position then they
should complete their graduation in science.
And one most important requirement for
naval services is that candidate must be a citizen of that nation. And this
requirement differs between both navy and merchant navy. Almost every country organizes
their exams for choosing a candidate. And other things like fitness, a medical
checkup of a person is also required.
3. Incentive/ Salary-
In the Navy, the pay scale varies from
nation to nation and is decided by the country's rules & regulations. In
the navy, it also depends on the grade of the officer and his experiences. With
this, Navy uniform and job give a kind of respect and pride which cannot be
In every field salary is the most discussed
or concerned topic among the candidates. If I talk about the merchant navy then
its pay scale depends on some sort of the standard by ILO (International
Labour Organization) and ITF (International Transport workers' Federation).
In the merchant navy Pay scale depends on
the grade of a job and with this, a candidate also gets a good and desirable
salary with awesome life on ships. The merchant navy also contributes to the economy of the nation because their work is to transfer vessels to different
4. Rank for services
Both Navy and Merchant navy services
need lots of hard work, discipline, dedication, commitment and most important
patriotism (especially in the Navy). In the Navy, services begin with the lieutenant
and the further keeps raising. In every country services of the navy are
different as per their laws. Jobs in the navy comes with great honour, prestige
and responsibilities of the nation.
While in the merchant navy their services
can be found on the deck of ships or in the technical department or pertaining
area etc. Candidate can join among these jobs as per his skills, knowledge
& aptitude. The ranking also depends on which type of ship candidates are
working or company type.
Remember, both services should not be
compared. They both are a vital part of marine which are working separately.
One works as a defence force and another for transporting goods & vessels.